The relationships between harsh physical punishment and child maltreatment in childhood and intimate partner violence in adulthood (2017)

The objective of this 2017 current study was to examine if harsh physical punishment is associated with an increased likelihood of more severe childhood maltreatment in childhood and perpetration or victimization of IPV in adulthood. It found that harsh physical punishment was associated with increased odds of childhood maltreatment, including emotional abuse, sexual abuse, physical abuse, physical neglect, emotional neglect, and exposure to IPV after adjusting for sociodemographic factors, family history of dysfunction, and other child maltreatment types. Harsh physical punishment was also related to increased odds of experiencing IPV in adulthood.