Background Papers/Technical Reports

Attitudinal Survey on Violence Against Women. Detailed Report. Prepared for the Province of New Brunswick Executive Council Office Women’s Issues Branch.
Harris/Decima. July 14, 2009
A survey of more than 500 people living in New Brunswick was conducted in 2009 to provide insight into the public’s attitudes regarding the causes of violence against women; attitudes towards women; and awareness of services available in the province. Findings regarding aboriginal peoples’ attitudes are also presented.

Because I am a Girl. The State of the World’s Girls, 2011. So, what about boys?
N. van der Gaag. Plan International (2011)
This is the fifth report in a series published by Plan International that examines the rights of girls throughout childhood, adolescence and adulthood. This issue discusses the importance of engaging men and boys in working for gender equality. The report includes research, definitions, case studies, and recommendations for action.

Building Cultures of Respect and Non-Violence: A review of literature concerning adult learning and violence prevention programs with men.
S. Dyson, M. Flood VicHealth (2008)
This literature review highlights best practice principles for adult learning and theoretical models used to develop gender –based violence prevention programs. Examples of models and practices used in professional sporting and other settings as well as peer mentoring programs used to provide education and prevent violence against women are offered.

Engaging Men and Boys in Domestic Violence Prevention: Opportunities and Promising Approaches.
L. Wells, L. Lorenzetti, H. Carolo, T. Dinner, C. Jones, T. Minerson, & E. Esina. The University of Calgary, Shift: The Project to End Domestic Violence (2013)
The paper highlights the importance of involving men and boys in preventing violence against women and outlines seven promising areas for engaging men and boys in domestic violence prevention: engaging fathers; men’s health; sports and recreation; role of the workplace; peer relationships; men as allies; and Aboriginal healing. An overview of initiatives, policies, and promising practices within these seven areas are reviewed.

Engaging men as social justice allies in ending violence against women: Evidence for a social norms approach.
P. M. Fabiano, H. W. Perkins, A. Berkowitz, J. Linkenbach, & C. Stark. (2004). Journal of American College Health, 52 (3).
A survey of Washington State undergraduate university students assessed perceived norms for consent and willingness to intervene in situations that lead to sexual assault. Data suggest that men underestimate the importance that most men and women place on consent and willingness of most men to intervene against sexual violence. Findings support the use of a social norms approach to sexual assault prevention for men. Key considerations for strengthening campus cultural environments to reduce sexual violence are provided.

Engaging Men from Diverse Backgrounds in Preventing Men’s Violence Against Women.
Stand Up! National Conference on Eliminating All Forms of Violence Against CaLD Women. April 29-30 Canberra. Dr. Michael Flood (2013)
This paper outlines the importance of involving men in preventing gender-based violence and provides an intersectional analysis of men and masculinities and violence against women. The paper concludes by discussing effective strategies to engage culturally diverse men in violence prevention.

Engaging Men. Partners in Social Change.
Volume 14, Issue 2. Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs Prevention Resource Center. (Summer 2011)
This issue of Partners in Social Change focuses on engaging men in preventing sexual violence. A series of articles addresses such as accountability for men’s activism in violence prevention; engaging queer and trans sex men in activism; and a framework for engaging the “average joe”.

Engaging Men in Men’s Violence Prevention: Exploring the Tensions, Dilemmas and Possibilities.
B. Pease. Australian Domestic & Family Violence Clearinghouse (2008)
This discussion paper identifies the roles of men in violence prevention and the need to recognize gender-based violence as a human rights issue. The author provides arguments for involving men in violence prevention but also discusses the potential dangers that can accompany men’s involvement. Principles that will mitigate the potential risks of men’s involvement in preventing gender-based violence are discussed.

Evolving Men: Initial Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey.
Instituto Promundo and the International Center for Research on Women (2011)
The International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) was conducted in six countries to build understanding of men’s attitudes and practices related to gender equality in order to inform policy development to promote gender equality by engaging men. Findings suggest that younger men and men with higher levels of education have more gender-equitable attitudes; and most men conceptually accept gender equality even if they are not actually practicing it in their daily lives.

Global Efforts to Engage Men in Preventing Violence Against Women: An International Survey.
E. Kimball, J. L. Edleson, R.M. Tolman, T. Neugut. & J. Carlson (2011)
This study surveyed 165 individuals representing organizations from across the world in order to gain a better understanding of the global movement of engaging men in preventing violence against women. Participants were asked about formal and informal programs and services provided by their organization. Findings indicated that a large number of organizations work to engage men in violence prevention initiatives. A quarter of these organizations focused exclusively on engaging men in violence prevention.

Issue Brief: Engaging Men and Boys to Reduce and Prevent Gender-Based Violence.
T. Minerson, H.Carolo, T.Dinner, C. Jones. Status of Women Canada. (2011)
This paper provides a history of the efforts in Canada and across the globe to engage with men and boys to prevent gender-based violence. Issues and dimensions of gender-based violence are discussed as well as the impact of violence on communities of interest. Prevention and intervention strategies are offered.

Male Attitudes regarding Domestic and Sexual Violence. Survey Report.
R.Clark & R. Casey. Castleton Polling Institute, Vermont (2012).
A telephone survey was conducted with more than 300 men in Vermont to obtain information regarding men’s attitudes about violence against women. Participants were asked to categorize various behaviors and then identify at what point they would intervene in a hypothetical scenario. Factors linked to attitudes supporting violence against women were age, education and relationship status.

MenEngage Alliance Call for Action at the Commission on the Status of Women 2013: Making Primary Prevention from Gender-Based Violence a Global Right.
MenEngage Alliance (2013)
The MenEngage Alliance calls on the UN and national governments to take primary prevention seriously and implement 10 concrete steps for engaging men and boys in preventing gender-based violence.

Men’s attitudes and behaviors toward violence against women.
Alberta Council of Women’s Shelters (2012)
This presentation features findings from a telephone survey of 1000 men conducted by Leger Marketing in February 2012 to understand Alberta men’s views regarding gender equity, perceptions of domestic violence, attitudes towards violence against women, and the role of men in reducing and preventing violence.

Men’s Participation as Fathers in Latin American and Caribbean Region: A Critical Literature Review with Policy Considerations.
G. Barker & F.Verani. Promundo and Save the Children Sweden (2008)
This report provides an overview and analysis of men’s participation as fathers in the Latin American and Caribbean region. Topics include: the role of men in families; role of men in child development and well-being; policy and program experiences influencing men’s participation as fathers. Program, policy and research considerations for the region are discussed.

The Involved Father & Gender Equality Project.
In collaboration with Dad Central, White Ribbon conducted a study that explored the positive roles that fathers, organizations working with diverse fathers, and the fatherhood sector in Ontario in general can play in promoting gender equality, healthy and equal relationships, and ending gender-based violence.  The study consisted of focus groups and surveys with 53 fathers in communities across the province, interviews with stakeholders and professionals working on engaging fathers, and a preliminary environmental scan of services available to fathers in Ontario.  Some themes from the findings of the research include: involved fatherhood occurs along a continuum that allows fathers to find ways to actively participate in the lives of their children; fathers should utilize parental leave benefits as a way to be active in family life however parental leave can be isolating and is often frowned upon; involved fatherhood has benefits for children, mothers, and fathers; many fathers are finding ways to counter the traditional gender stereotypes; Aboriginal fathers are teaching their children about Aboriginal culture, history, and heritage in their fatherhood involvement; the use of language is an important part of the parenting process particularly within conversations with Gay/Bi/Transgender fathers; and fathers indicated that their involvement with their children promotes gender equality in many ways.

Theorizing from Particularity: Perpetrators and Intersectional Theory on Domestic Violence
This 2013 article extends intersectional analysis to perpetrators of intimate partner violence and examines the methodological implications of doing so.

“This is a Man’s Problem”: Strategies for Working with South Asian Male Perpetrators of Intimate Partner Violence
This 2011 research report uses an intersectionality framework to examine the experiences of 17 frontline practitioners working with South Asian men who have engaged in intimate partner violence.  The report concludes with several recommendations for action including culturally informed and culturally appropriate education, training, and professional development for frontline practitioners working with intimate partner violence in South Asian communities.

Where Men Stand: Men’s roles in ending violence against women.
M. Flood. A White Ribbon Foundation Report. (2010).
This paper provides contemporary information about men’s attitudes towards violence against women and perpetration of violence against women in Australia. Men’s roles as bystanders are discussed and examples of men’s violence prevention activities are offered.

Women 2000 and beyond: The role of men and boys in achieving gender equality.
United Nations (2008)
This paper discusses opportunities and frameworks for engaging men in promoting gender equality with a focus on issues of violence, health, fatherhood, the workplace, and engaging youth. Strategies and best practices, such as changing attitudes and behaviours and mobilizing men to take action on systems that maintain gender inequalities, are discussed.

Working With Men to Prevent Violence Against Women: An Overview. (Part One)
A. Berkowitz. VAWnet (2004)
Effective strategies for engaging men in violence prevention efforts from the perspectives of men who are participants of anti-violence programs and men who provide them are discussed. Strategies include approaching men as partners rather than perpetrators; activities and discussions must be led by male peers; and enhancement of positive anti-violence attitudes.