Intergenerational Trauma

Environments Recreated: The Unique Struggles of Children Born to Abused Mothers
Noll, J. G., Reader, J. M., & Bensman, H. (2016). Environments Recreated: The Unique Struggles of Children Born to Abused Mothers. In D. M. Teti (Ed.), Parenting and Family Processes in Child Maltreatment and Intervention (pp. 77-88). Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-40920-7_5
Abstract from article: “Approaches to understanding the intergenerational transmission of child maltreatment are complex and often fail to take into account the multiple forms of maltreatment including childhood sexual abuse. The goal of the current chapter is to discuss the developmental trajectories of individuals born to women who experienced childhood sexual abuse. Using examples from the results of a 30 year longitudinal cohort study, the current chapter argues that while these women are unlikely to sexually abuse their children directly, they are at great risk for creating an environment that fails to protect their children. Beginning prenatally and continuing through adolescence into their own adulthoods, these children are at greater risk for experiencing hardships including premature birth, cognitive disadvantage, and attachment insecurity, putting them at risk for becoming abused themselves. Implications for clinicians and policymakers to prevent future instances of childhood sexual abuse by disrupting the intergenerational transmission are discussed.”

Hidden Burdens: a Review of Intergenerational, Historical and Complex Trauma, Implications for Indigenous Families
O'Neill, L., Fraser, T., Kitchenham, A., & McDonald, V. (2016). Hidden Burdens: a Review of Intergenerational, Historical and Complex Trauma, Implications for Indigenous Families [Abstract]. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 1-14. doi:10.1007/s40653-016-0117
Abstract from article: “Drawing on decades of work as allies with Indigenous families and communities in Canada, the authors present a review of literature on intergenerational, historical trauma and the effects of early trauma. Included in the review are critical considerations as to whether understanding of stressed human capacity, as described by family members of various generations affected by traumatic events, may be increased through exploring the developmental implications of complex trauma. Research on brain-based effects of early trauma and work from the field of epigenetics may contribute other components to the understanding of complex, intergenerational impacts of multiple trauma contexts. Informed support for individuals and families combined with political advocacy at a systems level is critical in intergenerational trauma work in order to break historic patterns affecting family development and interactions.”

Key roles of community connectedness in healing from trauma
Schultz, K., Cattaneo, L. B., Sabina, C., Brunner, L., Jackson, S., & Serrata, J. V. (2016). Key roles of community connectedness in healing from trauma. [Abstract]. Psychology of Violence,6(1), 42-48.
Abstract from article: “Objective: Connection to community has been identified as a protective factor in the experience of trauma, but many interventions have acted inadvertently to ignore or not account for the potential for disruption to connections within communities. We examine the role of community connectedness in relation to healing from individual and community experiences of trauma, drawing from culturally specific interventions that give a central role to connection. Key Points: Connection to community matters for those who have experienced trauma, yet many interventions do not build on or in some cases disrupt positive connections to community. This commentary examines Latino and American Indian/Alaska Native communities for examples of this disruption and how those communities have responded with culturally specific interventions to increase community connections. The mechanisms through which community connectedness operates in these examples include accountability, community norming, and belonging and identity. Conclusions: Researchers and practitioners must consider how interventions impact community connectedness, and increasing capacity for connection should be targeted in healing efforts. We suggest more theorizing on the mechanisms that potentially enable community connectedness to buffer the effects of trauma and implications for intervention. Community-informed efforts have the potential to be more effective and sustainable in reducing the impact of trauma on families and societies.”

Prevention and Intervention Strategies to Address Intergenerational Transmission of Child Maltreatment
Schelbe, L., & Geiger, J. M. (2017). Prevention and Intervention Strategies to Address Intergenerational Transmission of Child Maltreatment. In L. Schelbe & J. M. Geiger (Eds.), Intergenerational Transmission of Child Maltreatment (pp. 75-89). Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-43824-5_7
Abstract from article: “In order to better understand child maltreatment and to be able to develop useful and effective interventions to prevent child maltreatment, greater understanding of intergenerational transmission of child maltreatment (ITCM) is necessary along with the contexts in which it occurs. This chapter examines specific populations that have been identified who may be at a greater risk of ITCM as well as interventions proposed to interrupt ITCM. Populations such as child welfare involved families may be disproportionally affected by ITCM. Families and individuals experiencing trauma may also be at greater risk. Various interventions have been developed to address the risks associated with child maltreatment and can be adapted to special populations and families affected by or at greater risk of intergenerational maltreatment. The chapter concludes with recommendations for continued rigorous evaluation of intervention and prevention strategies.”